Work Disability, Work, and Justification Bias in Europe and the U.S.
by Arie Kapteyn, James P. Smith and Arthur van Soest
|American workers are more likely to suffer from chronic conditions than their European counterparts.
Overall, Americans are less likely to see themselves as work disabled than Europeans.
However, to justify not working, nonworking Americans tend to classify health problems as more serious work limitations than those who are working.
In contrast, Europeans classify the work limitations of health problems the same regardless of whether they are working or nonworking.
Not working is more acceptable in Europe than in the United States, regardless of health status.
Work disability increases with age, decreases with schooling, and is lower for married respondents in all countries.