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Key Findings Details

The Effects of the Economic Crisis on the Older Population
by Michael Hurd and Susann Rohwedder
WP 2010-231

There are a number of ways in which households might respond to the financial crisis: reduce spending and with that increase saving, work longer, and/or bequeath less. Using longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study and its supplemental surveys, we find that all of these adjustments have been important: 

* Average spending declined during 2007-2009 by eight percentage points more than during 2001-2007 for people aged 50-64.
* The population age 65 and older made smaller downward adjustments to spending, suggesting it was on average less affected by the crisis.
* Workers in their fifties expect to work longer: in May 2009, workers estimated the chances of working past age 62 to be 62%, which is 4 percentage points higher than in 2008. 
* However, those who stopped working since 2008 revised their chances of working past age 62 downward from 45% to 40%, expressing pessimism about future job opportunities. 
* On average, people expect to reduce their future bequests by 20%, but the reductions are concentrated among the well-to-do.
* Negative home equity rose substantially among older homeowners with a mortgage from about 1.6% to 7%.
* Respondents are pessimistic about economic recovery in the near future.