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Key Findings Details

Reconciling Findings on the Employment Effect of Disability Insurance
by John Bound and Timothy A. Waidmann
WP 2010-239
  • Over the last 25 years the Social Security Disability Insurance Program (DI) has grown dramatically. During this period employment rates for men with work limitations showed substantial declines in both absolute and relative terms.
  • While these trends coincide, we find that the decrease in employment among those with work limitations during the early 1990s can only be partly explained by the growth of DI.
  • For the period after the mid-1990s, we find little role for the DI program in explaining the continuing employment decline for men with work limitations.