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Key Findings Details

What Do Data on Millions of U.S. Workers Say About Life Cycle Income Risk?
by Fatih Guvenen, Fatih Karahan, Serdar Ozkan and Jae Song
WP 2013-302
  • We examine the earnings histories of over 5 million individuals using confidential Social Security Administration data and find that earnings risk varies significantly across the population.
  • Income risk decreases between ages 25 to 50 and then increases again.
  • As individuals get older, they are more likely to experience very small and very large earnings shocks rather than moderate shocks.
  • With age, a large drop in earnings becomes more likely than a large increase.
  • Earnings growth varies greatly by lifetime income. Between ages 25 to 55, individuals with earnings in the top 5% experience growth 10 times larger than those with average lifetime earnings.
  • Earnings changes over the life cycle do not have a normal distribution.